In the Chosun Dynasty when it was intended to govern the country based on Seongnihak (Sung Confucianism), the Buddhist culture was changed to Confucian culture. Therefore, at the time of Taejong early in Chosun, Sung Confucianism was taught in the local schools built in Goryeong also and sacrificial ceremonies were performed to Confucius. After that time, many schools were built in every place of Goryeong and many students learnt Sung Confucianism and took the state examinations. Meanwhile, Goryeong has the head families of Piljae Jeom and Jongjig Kim who cultivated many good politicians, the head family of Teacher Jugyu, Mun Oh, who was a politician and a great scholar, and the tomb and heritages of Teacher Sonagm, Myeon Kim, one of the great three generals of patriotic solders in Yeongnam areas during Japanese Invasion. Also, related important books and documents are available. Goryeong had many good sons and virtuous women and many tombstones of the Goryeong hyungam’s exist. Goryeong Samgmusa, a commercial organization of the package peddlers and pack peddlers was very flourish in late Chosun and led the commercial power in the inner land of Yeongnam.
Pottery kiln site in Goryeong territory : In the year 1454, “The quality of Goryeong potteries is the best” – (Sejongsillogjiriji: record at the time of King Sejong)
To produce the potteries, qualified clay, sufficient fuel, and the condition to easily transport the clay and fuel are required. Goryeong Territory satisfies such requirements and has continuously produced good potteries starting in Daegaya times. The spirit of workmanship and the excellent manufacturing techniques of the pottery workers was transferred in Daegaya; it was known as the place where the best quality of potteries are produced in Goryo and Chosun Dynasty and the products were delivered to the palaces, too. Large scale kiln sites remain in five places (Unsumyun, Seongsanmyun, Ssanagnimmyun, Goryeongeup, and Ugogmyun) in Goryeong Territory and more than 100 kiln sites were found until now.
What is this chestnut-shaped one?
This is Bijimbachim (a kind of support) made of clay which was found in a kiln site where grayish-blue-powdered celadon were baked early in Chosun. It was used to support the bottoms of vessels to avoid possible adhesion of vessels when baking potteries in the kiln. It has clear fingerprints of the workmen who produced potteries more than 500 years ago.
Pottery kiln sites in Sabudong and Gisandong
The most famous places in the pottery kiln sites in Goryeong Territory are the kiln sites in Sabudong and Gisandong, Seongsanmyun. These two places has only about 1km of distance and are the kiln sites where blue celadon and grayish-blue-powdered celadon was baked from late Goryeo to early in Chosun. The porcelain pieces such as bowls, dishes, small bowls, and bottles and the supports used when baking vessels as well as the pieces of broken kiln are widely dispersed on these places. As described above, the pottery technique of Goryeong which was transferred from Daegaya Times was transmitted to Japan during the Japanese Invasion and gave large influences.
Heritages excavated from the pottery kilns in Goryeong Territory
To bake potteries in a kiln, various tools are used. First of all, sands are dispersed on the bottom of the kiln, Dochim’s (Dojimi’s), and completed vessels are placed on them with folding. At this time, the bottoms of vessels are supported with chestnut-sized supports to avoid possible attachment of vessels. Also, to avoid possible direct contact of fire during making fire and fall of sparks or foreign substances on the vessel, the upper side and lower side of vessels are covered with Gabbal (a kind of blind).
Report of family's count
Report of family’s county is the basic data to make the census registers in Chosun Dynasty. The report contains detailed information including the address of the head of the family, four details on the head and his wife, the persons residing together and slaves. When the people prepare and submit the reports, each village confirms the truth and records the information on the family registers. Such family registers were used in temporary transfer for military service, identification of identity, and legal proceedings.
Collection of the head residence of jookyu
Jookyu, Un Oh (1540～1617), was a scholar, civil minister, and general of patriotic solders in mid Chosun. The head residence of the teacher located in Songnimri, Ssangnimmyun, Goryeong, possesses many heritages including old literatures such as ≪Daehagjanggudaejeon≫ and ≪Yangseyumug≫, Reports of family’s county, old documents including Bunjegi, collections of works, and ivory halls etc. The heritages exhibited in this museum are the writes of appointment, ivory halls, and saddle possessed by the head residence of jookyu.
Goryeong confucian school’s collection
Local schools are the national educational institutions established to educate Sung Confucianism and perform the sacrificial ceremonies to the sages such as Confucius. Goryeong school was established in 1414 (Year 13 of Taejong), early in Chosun, and, after several times of movement, has been located at current place since 1972 (Year 28 of Sugjong). The heritages exhibited in this museum are various old documents and wood printing plates possessed by Goryeong School.
Old roof tile of Goryeong
The roof tiles excavated through the survey of the inn site of the old Goryeong government building in Goryeongeup in 2005 consist of many roof tiles having flower patterns and many roof tiles have the letter, Goryeong. Probably Goryeong people loved flowers very much and such traces indicates the proud of the people for living in Goryeong, the capital of Daegaya.
Local school and private school of Goryeong in Chosun Dynasty
Goryeong local school, Munyeon private school site, Yeongwon private school site, Maerim private school, Doam private school and relics of General Myeon Kim, Nogang private school, Byeogsongjeong, Manamjae, head residence of jookyu, head resistance of Piljae Jeom, Doyeonjae, and Seopungse good son monument