In general, it is said in relation to the cultures of the Three Countries that Koguryo was brave and passionate, Baekjae had elegant beauty, and Sill had maltreat but harmonized beauty. The culture of Daegaya showed specific features, which may be said to be “Daegaya Type,” on the earthenware, accessories, weapons, and horse equipment excavated from the tombs. The beauty of soft and balanced curves is felt on the earthenware of Daegaya, splendor of precise workshop technique is felt on the accessories, and the solemnity of soldiers is felt on the strong and useful armors and helmets. In other words, the culture of Daegaya has refined artistic sense and usefulness together and was not disconnected but transmitted to present time through Shilla like Gayageum.
Ureuk and Gayageum
Gayageum that represents the traditional musical instruments of the country was made by Ureuk, a celebrated musician, by the order of King Gasil. Gayageum was made of empress trees and 12 skin strings. The round upper plate of Gayageum means the sky, its flat lower plate means the earth, and the empty space means the space between the sky and the earth. Ureuk composed 12 pieces of music for Gayageum and the names have been transferred to present time. Geumgog in Kweibinri, Goryeongeup, is also called JeongJeonggol; Ureuk played Gayageum with his students together at this place and it is said that the naming was done because the sound of Gayageum is heard, “Jeongjeong.”
Faith and Religion of Daegaya
Goryeong people seemed to worship mountain god, heaven god, and sun god at its early stage as identified on the rock picture of prehistoric age and national foundation myth. Based on such faith, they had the thought that the living in the actual lives is continued after death also as shown in the grave of the living with the dead. Also, they accepted Buddhism; they drew lotus flowers on the tombs of kings and put the vessels containing juniper in the tombs. They assigned Buddhist names to important buildings and Ureuk composed Gayageum music to perform Buddhist events.
(714-801)1203, Daegaya-ro, Daegaya-eup, Goryeong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
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