Development of Daegaya and the Country Ruled by a Great King
Garakuk continued growth since AD 300’s and was called Daegaya.
Daegaya developed agriculture and grown its military force by developing surrounding iron mines and making farming tools and weapons. It exchanged the products of advanced civilization through the transaction with Baekjae and Japan. Based on this foundation, it rapidly developed after entering into AD 400’s; King Haji dispatched envoys to China like Koguryo, Baekjae, and Shilla and received King of Bogugjanggunbungug. Also, the King of Daegaya was called great king and led other Gaya countries after AD 400’s; it grew up to the level of Baekjae and Shilla in AD 500’s.
Political System of Daegaya
Daegaya influenced wide areas including Habchun, Geochang, Hamyang, and Namwon in its golden age. To govern such wide areas, the developed level of its political system would be similar with that of Baekjae or Shilla.
Some Daegaya earthenware had the letters, “Great King” and “Habusariri,” indicating that the Great King of Goryeong, the capital, governed an area called Habu. However, it seems that it was not equipped with a completely unified political system for the Gaya areas in Dagaya territory until Daegaya was ruined because it used the names of individual countries.
Daegaya developed with exchange of the products of civilization with China and Japan as well as Shilla.
The structure of tomb and the lotus patterns found on the mural paintings of Goari Tumulus and the bronze vessels, lamps, and large-mouth pots excavated from Jisanri No. 44 Tumulus indicates the exchange with Baekjae. Also, the luminous shell scoop indicates the exchange with Japan and the sword with round pommel excavated from Jisanri Tumulus No. 45 indicates the exchange with Shilla. Meanwhile, the earthenware and ironware of Daegaya are excavated from many places in Japan indicating that the culture of Daegaya was actively transferred to Japan.
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